Forest Fire Control System

How Fire Starts?

Defective electrics such as loose wires, or faulty equipment that can overheat and cause sparks, are common causes of fires in the workplace. It is essential that work equipment is regularly inspected and replaced upon any signs of electrical damage.
In wildland fires, this behavior is influenced by how fuels (such as needles, leaves, and twigs), weather and topography interact.

Once a fire starts, it will continue burning only if heat, oxygen and more fuel are present. Together, these three elements are said to make up the “fire triangle.”

Universal Fire Protection provides Forest Fire Fighting System in Pakistan. Firefighters work to do that by:

  • Cooling fuels below the combustion temperature through the use of water, foam, retardant or dirt
  • Cutting off the oxygen supply through the use of water
  • Removing fuel by clearing a swath of trees and brush ahead of the advancing fire

There are three basic types of Forest Fire 

1)Crown fires burn trees up their entire length to the top.
2)Surface fires burn only surface litter and duff.
3)Ground fires (sometimes called underground or subsurface fires) occur in deep accumulations of humus, peat, and similar dead vegetation that become dry enough to burn.

Forest Fire Fighting System

Causes of wildland fires

Lightning strikes cause slightly less than half of all wildland fires but account for nearly 67% of the land area burned. There are two main reasons for this:

  • lightning-caused fires often occur in remote areas where human life, property, and timber values are not threatened. Fire suppression in these areas may, therefore, be intentionally limited, leaving the fire to play its natural role.
  • Several lightning fires can be ignited simultaneously, leaving agencies with difficult decisions about where to send available firefighting crews and equipment.

Humans cause slightly more than half of all wildland fires, typically in populated forest and grassland areas. Because of where these fires occur, they are usually spotted early and can be reached quickly by firefighting crews. Still, the threat they pose to human safety and property makes them a major concern for firefighting crews.

Monitor Current fire activity

A vital task for forest managers is to monitor forest conditions, keeping track of existing fires, and assessing the risk of new ones.
This monitoring task, requiring significant scientific and logistical effort, is carried out by federal, provincial, and territorial agencies working cooperatively.  Over decades, increasingly sophisticated tools have been developed for analyzing Forest Fire Fighting System, assessing fire risk, and monitoring fire conditions across the country. We also provide other Fire Fighting System in Pakistan.

Forest Fire Fighting System